From Chapter 6, 'Capitals'

6.2   Titles and Dignities

Capitals are used for titles and dignities when these appear in full or immediately preceding a personal name, or when they are used specifically, but not otherwise:

The Archbishop of Canterbury and several other bishops were present, but Bishop Wilberforce was not.

When, after a first full reference, or with such reference understood, a title is used incompletely but still with specific application to an individual, the capital is retained:

The Archbishop spoke first.

A word or phrase used as a substitute for, or an extension of, a personal name also takes initial capitals:

the Iron Duke, Alfred the Great, the Dark Lady of the Sonnets


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