MHRA Style Citation Demonstration

According to the MHRA Style Guide, this item should be cited in a bibliography as follows:

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Margrave, Christie, Writing the Landscape: Exposing Nature in French Women's Fiction 1789–1815 (Cambridge: Legenda, 2019), pp. xi–xi

This is how standard MHRA style would look. Some of its book series (notably Legenda) allow an alternative citation system called 'author-date', but please talk to your editor before using it. (To see the demonstration for author-date, follow this link.)

Let's take this bibliography entry one step at a time:

Step 1. We start with the name(s) of the author(s) of the article, inverting the first name into the form 'Forename, Surname'.

Margrave, Christie

Step 2. This is regular MHRA style, so the name's followed by a comma.

Margrave, Christie,

Step 3. Now we add the title, in single inverted commas. Any single quotation marks already in the title must be converted to doubles.

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’

Step 4. We have to say where this comes from, so:

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in

Notice: Object of class stdClass could not be converted to int in /home/grahammhra/mhra.org.uk/library/library.php on line 865

Step 5. Next, the author(s) of the book, which come before the title because this is a monograph.

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Margrave, Christie

Step 6. Now a comma, not a full stop:

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Margrave, Christie,

Step 7. Here we have the book's title, in italics, not quotation marks.

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Margrave, Christie, Writing the Landscape: Exposing Nature in French Women's Fiction 1789–1815

Step 8. Since this is a book, not a journal issue, we have to identify its source, in round brackets. First, place of publication. This can be ambiguous. Legenda may be edited in Oxford, but the registered address of MHRA, which owns Legenda, is in Cambridge.

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Margrave, Christie, Writing the Landscape: Exposing Nature in French Women's Fiction 1789–1815 (Cambridge

Step 9. Now a colon, a space, and the publisher's name. Here that's Legenda because this is the imprint name under which the book is published, even though Legenda is not strictly speaking a company. To decide these things, one must look at the exact wording of the preliminary pages. Our preference is for Legenda books to be cited as 'Legenda', and we word our preliminaries with that aim.

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Margrave, Christie, Writing the Landscape: Exposing Nature in French Women's Fiction 1789–1815 (Cambridge: Legenda

Step 10. Then the year of first publication, and we're done with the bracketed part.

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Margrave, Christie, Writing the Landscape: Exposing Nature in French Women's Fiction 1789–1815 (Cambridge: Legenda, 2019)

Step 11. Now the pagination. This is a book, so we use 'p.' or 'pp.' as appropriate. Number ranges are elided in the last two digits: thus '2234-2265' should be '2234-65', and '102-109' should be '102-09'.

Margrave, Christie, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Margrave, Christie, Writing the Landscape: Exposing Nature in French Women's Fiction 1789–1815 (Cambridge: Legenda, 2019), pp. xi–xi

And that's the finished bibliography entry. Note that there's no final full stop.

So how about citations in footnotes or endnotes?

In standard MHRA style, the first time the work is cited in a note, it should be cited in full. This looks very like a Bibliography entry, but:

  • The author's name doesn't always come first: only for monographs. For collections and editions, the title comes first.
  • Even if the author's name does come first, it's back to being the right way round, so it's Forename Surname, not Surname, Forename;
  • Unlike Bibliography entries, notes are punctuated as sentences, and usually end in full stops.

Suppose we want to cite a passage on pages 24 to 27:

34 See Christie Margrave, ‘Abbreviations, Quotations and Translations’, in Christie Margrave, Writing the Landscape: Exposing Nature in French Women's Fiction 1789–1815 (Cambridge: Legenda, 2019), pp. xi–xi, pp. 24-27.

But in any subsequent notes, a heavily abbreviated form is used:

37 Compare Margrave, p. 17.