Samuel Butler and the Science of the Mind
Evolution, Heredity and Unconscious Memory

Cristiano Turbil

Studies In Comparative Literature 48

Legenda

  28 September 2020  •  156pp

ISBN: 978-1-781885-53-6 (hardback)  •  RRP £75, $99, €85

ISBN: 978-1-781885-54-3 (paperback, 2021)  •  RRP £9.99, $12.50, €12.50

ISBN: 978-1-781885-55-0 (JSTOR ebook)

ModernEnglishPhilosophy


Darwin's theory of evolution was received with great interest all across Europe. The theory of evolution generated numerous debate among scientists, philosophers and the general public. Questions concerning the evolution of animals and humans, the existence of any blueprint or design in biology, and the relationship between Darwinism and Lamarckism rapidly became key topics of many scientific and philosophical texts, but also of novels and periodical articles. In Victorian England, Samuel Butler (1835-1902) critically discussed evolution in both novels and popular essays. Butler’s idea of evolution rejected Darwin’s theory of natural selection proposing instead a neo-Lamarckian philosophy of evolution called ‘unconscious memory’.

Analysing Butler's writings, Cristiano Turbil guides the reader through the complexity of the continental evolutionary debate, presenting a new and original interpretation of Butler's scientific and literary work.

Cristiano Turbil is currently teaching history of medicine and science at University College London. His research encompasses the history of medicine and science in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century across Europe, literature and science and, more broadly, history of ideas.

Bibliography entry:

Turbil, Cristiano, Samuel Butler and the Science of the Mind: Evolution, Heredity and Unconscious Memory, Studies In Comparative Literature, 48 (Cambridge: Legenda, 2020)

First footnote reference: 35 Cristiano Turbil, Samuel Butler and the Science of the Mind: Evolution, Heredity and Unconscious Memory, Studies In Comparative Literature, 48 (Cambridge: Legenda, 2020), p. 21.

Subsequent footnote reference: 37 Turbil, p. 47.

(To see how these citations were worked out, follow this link.)

Bibliography entry:

Turbil, Cristiano. 2020. Samuel Butler and the Science of the Mind: Evolution, Heredity and Unconscious Memory, Studies In Comparative Literature, 48 (Cambridge: Legenda)

Example citation: ‘A quotation occurring on page 21 of this work’ (Turbil 2020: 21).

Example footnote reference: 35 Turbil 2020: 21.

(To see how these citations were worked out, follow this link.)


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